Wikipedia:1,000 erthygel

Pencil and paper

The global Wikipedia community has identified 1,000 articles that all languages should have.

Having all these articles on the Cornish Wikipedia would be an advantage as not only would it improve the site's usefulness, but the Cornish Wikipedia's ranking on this table would go up.

Due to this list being static and the fact that the 1,000 global article list changed without Cornish Wikipedia realising, we have been working for some time on an outdated list. Luckily, there is a lot of overlap still (and those extra articles translated are, of course, still valuable additions to our Wikipedia).

A decision has been made to keep the articles on the old list that were translated here AND add the new additions, in order to be up-to-date but still respect previous effort. As such, the Cornish Wikipedia "Vital 1,000" list is actually 1,126 articles long.

Below is the list of articles, with links to their version on the Simple English Wikipedia. If one of the articles already exists on the Cornish Wikipedia, it is linked to beside it.

The Cornish Wikipedia has 778 (November 2022) of our vital 1,126 articles and 656 (November 2022) of the global vital 1,000 articles. The list will be updated as new articles are created.

(Note that there are now larger lists of "vital articles" with 10, 100, 1000, 10000, 50000 articles in each list, accessible at en:Wikipedia:Vital articles) March 2018

BiographyChanjya

This section is for people. Have at least one paragraph on the key historical figures.

Actors, dancers and modelsChanjya

  1. Bernhardt, Sarah - Sarah Bernhardt
  2. Chaplin, Charlie - Charlie Chaplin
  3. Dietrich, Marlene - Marlene Dietrich
  4. Monroe, Marilyn - Marilyn Monroe

Artists and architectsChanjya

  1. Corbusier, Le - Le Corbusier
  2. Dalí, Salvador - Salvador Dalí
  3. Donatello - Donatello
  4. Dürer, Albrecht - Albrecht Dürer
  5. Gogh, Vincent van - Vincent van Gogh
  6. Goya, Francisco - Francisco de Goya
  7. Kahlo, Frida - Frida Kahlo
  8. Matisse, Henri - Henri Matisse
  9. Leonardo da Vinci - Leonardo da Vinci
  10. Michelangelo - Michelangelo
  11. Pei, I. M. - I. M. Pei
  12. Picasso, Pablo - Pablo Picasso
  13. Raphael - Raphael
  14. Rembrandt - Rembrandt
  15. Rubens, Peter Paul - Peter Paul Rubens
  16. Velázquez, Diego - Diego Velázquez
  17. Warhol, Andy - Andy Warhol
  18. Wright, Frank Lloyd - Frank Lloyd Wright
  19. Hokusai - Hokusai
  20. Sinan, Mimar - Mimar Sinan


Authors, playwrights and poetsChanjya

  1. Abu Nuwas - Abu Nuwas
  2. Bashō - Matsuo Bashō
  3. Borges, Jorge Luis - Jorge Luis Borges
  4. Byron, George - George Gordon Byron
  5. Cervantes, Miguel de - Miguel de Cervantes
  6. Chaucer, Geoffrey - Geoffrey Chaucer
  7. Chekhov, Anton - Anton Chekhov
  8. Dante Alighieri - Dante Alighieri
  9. Dickens, Charles - Charles Dickens
  10. Dostoevsky, Fyodor - Fyodor Dostoevsky
  11. García Márquez, Gabriel - Gabriel García Márquez
  12. von Goethe, Johann Wolfgang - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  13. Homer - Homer
  14. Horace - Horace
  15. Hugo, Victor - Victor Hugo
  16. Ibsen, Henrik - Henrik Ibsen
  17. Joyce, James - James Joyce
  18. Kafka, Franz - Franz Kafka
  19. Khayyam, Omar - Omar Khayyám
  20. Li Bai - Li Bai
  21. Mahfouz, Naguib - Naguib Mahfouz
  22. Molière - Molière
  23. Nabokov, Vladimir - Vladimir Nabokov
  24. Ovid - Ovid
  25. Proust, Marcel - Marcel Proust
  26. Pushkin, Alexander - Alexander Pushkin
  27. Rimbaud, Arthur - Arthur Rimbaud
  28. Saramago, José - José Saramago
  29. Sappho - Sappho
  30. Shakespeare, William - William Shakespeare
  31. Sophocles - Sophocles
  32. Tolstoy, Leo - Leo Tolstoy
  33. Twain, Mark - Mark Twain
  34. Virgil - Virgil
  35. Andersen, Hans Christian - Hans Christian Andersen
  36. Austen, Jane - Jane Austen
  37. Hafez - Hafez
  38. Kālidāsa - Kalidasa
  39. Tagore Rabindranath - Rabindranath Tagore

Composers and musiciansChanjya

  1. Bach, Johann Sebastian - Johann Sebastian Bach
  2. Beatles, The - The Beatles
  3. Beethoven, Ludwig van - Ludwig van Beethoven
  4. Berlioz, Hector - Hector Berlioz
  5. Bruckner, Anton - Anton Bruckner
  6. Brahms, Johannes - Johannes Brahms
  7. Chopin, Frédéric - Frédéric Chopin
  8. Dvořák, Antonín - Antonín Dvořák
  9. Handel, Georg Frideric - George Frideric Handel
  10. Hendrix, Jimi - Jimi Hendrix
  11. Mahler, Gustav - Gustav Mahler
  12. Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
  13. Puccini, Giacomo - Giacomo Puccini
  14. Presley, Elvis - Elvis Presley
  15. Rolling Stones, The - The Rolling Stones
  16. Schubert, Franz - Franz Schubert
  17. Smetana, Bedřich - Bedřich Smetana
  18. Schumann, Robert - Robert Schumann
  19. Stravinsky, Igor - Igor Stravinsky
  20. Tchaikovsky, Petr - Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
  21. Verdi, Giuseppe - Giuseppe Verdi
  22. Vivaldi, Antonio - Antonio Vivaldi
  23. Wagner, Richard - Richard Wagner
  24. Armstrong, Louis - Louis Armstrong
  25. Haydn, Joseph - Joseph Haydn
  26. Jackson, Michael - Michael Jackson
  27. Kulthum, Umm - Umm Kulthum
  28. da Palestrina, Giovanni - Giovanni da Palestrina

ExplorersChanjya

  1. Amundsen, Roald - Roald Amundsen
  2. Armstrong, Neil - Neil Armstrong
  3. Cartier, Jacques - Jacques Cartier
  4. Columbus, Christopher - Cristoforo Colombo
  5. Cook, James - James Cook
  6. Cortés Hernán - Hernán Cortés
  7. Gagarin, Yuri - Yuri Gagarin
  8. Gama, Vasco da - Vasco da Gama
  9. Magellan, Ferdinand - Ferdinand Magellan
  10. Polo, Marco - Marco Polo
  11. Zheng He - Zheng He
  12. von Humboldt, Alexander - Alexander von Humboldt
  13. Ibn Battuta - Ibn Battuta

Film directors and screenwritersChanjya

  1. Bergman, Ingmar - Ingmar Bergman
  2. Disney, Walt - Walt Disney
  3. Eisenstein, Sergei - Sergei Eisenstein
  4. Fellini, Federico - Federico Fellini
  5. Hitchcock, Alfred - Alfred Hitchcock
  6. Kubrick, Stanley - Stanley Kubrick
  7. Kurosawa, Akira - Akira Kurosawa
  8. Lucas, George - George Lucas
  9. Ray, Satyajit - Satyajit Ray
  10. Spielberg, Steven - Steven Spielberg

Inventors, scientists and mathematiciansChanjya

  1. Archimedes - Archimedes
  2. Berners-Lee, Tim - Tim Berners-Lee
  3. Brahe, Tycho - Tycho Brahe
  4. Copernicus, Nicolaus - Nicolaus Kopernikus
  5. Curie, Marie - Marie Curie
  6. Darwin, Charles - Charles Darwin
  7. Edison, Thomas - Thomas Edison
  8. Einstein, Albert - Albert Einstein
  9. Euclides - Euclid
  10. Euler, Leonhard - Leonhard Euler
  11. Faraday, Michael - Michael Faraday
  12. Fermi, Enrico - Enrico Fermi
  13. Fibonacci - Fibonacci
  14. Ford, Henry - Henry Ford
  15. Fourier, Joseph - Joseph Fourier
  16. Galileo Galilei - Galileo Galilei
  17. Gauss, Carl Friedrich - Carl Friedrich Gauss
  18. Gutenberg, Johannes - Johannes Gutenberg
  19. Joule, James Prescott - James Prescott Joule
  20. Kepler, Johannes - Johannes Kepler
  21. Khwarizmi, Muhammad ibn Musa al- - Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī
  22. Leibniz, Gottfried - Gottfried Leibniz
  23. Linnaeus, Carl - Carl Linnaeus
  24. Maxwell, James Clerk - James Clerk Maxwell
  25. Mendeleev, Dmitri - Dmitri Mendeleev
  26. Newton, Sir Isaac - Isaac Newton
  27. Pascal, Blaise - Blaise Pascal
  28. Pasteur, Louis - Louis Pasteur
  29. Planck, Max - Max Planck
  30. Pythagoras - Pythagoras
  31. Rutherford, Ernest - Ernest Rutherford
  32. Schrödinger, Erwin - Erwin Schrödinger
  33. Tesla, Nikola - Nikola Tesla
  34. Turing, Alan - Alan Turing
  35. Watt, James - James Watt
  36. Brahmagupta - Brahmagupta
  37. Galen - Galen
  38. Hilbert, David - David Hilbert

Social scientists (philosophers, economists, historians and thinkers)Chanjya

  1. Aquinas, Thomas - Thomas Aquinas
  2. Aristotle - Aristotle
  3. Augustine of Hippo - Augustine a Hippo
  4. Avicenna - Avicenna
  5. Confucius - Confucius
  6. Beauvoir, Simone de - Simone de Beauvoir
  7. Bruno, Giordano - Giordano Bruno
  8. Chomsky, Noam - Noam Chomsky
  9. Descartes, René - René Descartes
  10. Durkheim, Émile - Émile Durkheim
  11. Francis of Assisi, Saint - Francis a Assisi
  12. Freud, Sigmund - Sigmund Freud
  13. Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich - Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
  14. Herodotus - Herodotus
  15. Hippocrates - Hippocrates
  16. Kant, Immanuel - Immanuel Kant
  17. Keynes, John Maynard - John Maynard Keynes
  18. Locke, John - John Locke
  19. Luther, Martin - Martin Luther
  20. Luxemburg, Rosa - Rosa Luxemburg
  21. Machiavelli, Niccolò - Niccolò Machiavelli
  22. Marx, Karl - Karl Marx
  23. Nietzsche, Friedrich - Friedrich Nietzsche
  24. Paul of Tarsus - Paul a Tarsus
  25. Plato - Plato
  26. Rousseau, Jean-Jacques - Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  27. Sartre, Jean-Paul - Jean-Paul Sartre
  28. Smith, Adam - Adam Smith
  29. Socrates - Socrates
  30. Sun Tzu - Sun Tzu
  31. Voltaire - Voltaire
  32. Weber, Max - Max Weber
  33. Wittgenstein, Ludwig - Ludwig Wittgenstein
  34. Chanakya - Chanakya
  35. Heidegger, Martin - Martin Heidegger
  36. Ibn Khaldun - Ibn Khaldun
  37. Laozi - Laozi
  38. Sima Qian - Sima Qian
  39. Zhu Xi - Zhu Xi

Politicians, leaders and aristocratsChanjya

  1. Akbar the Great - Akbar
  2. Alexander the Great - Aleksander Veur
  3. Ashoka - Ashoka
  4. Atatürk, Kemal - Kemal Atatürk
  5. Augustus - Augustus
  6. Ben-Gurion, David - David Ben-Gurion
  7. von Bismarck, Otto - Otto von Bismarck
  8. Bolívar, Simón - Simón Bolívar
  9. Bonaparte, Napoleon - Napoleon Ia a Bow Frynk
  10. Julius Caesar - Julius Caesar
  11. Charlemagne - Karl Veur
  12. Churchill, Winston - Winston Churchill
  13. Cixi, Empress Dowager - Cixi
  14. Cleopatra - Cleopatra VII
  15. Constantine the Great - Kostentin I a Rom
  16. Cyrus the Great - Cyrus Veur
  17. De Gaulle, Charles - Charles de Gaulle
  18. Elizabeth I of England - Elisabeth I a Bow Sows
  19. Genghis Khan - Genghis Khan
  20. Haile Selassie - Haile Selassie
  21. Hirohito - Hirohito
  22. Hitler, Adolf - Adolf Hitler
  23. Lenin, Vladimir - Vladimir Lenin
  24. Louis XIV - Louis XIV a Bow Frynk
  25. Mandela, Nelson - Nelson Mandela
  26. Mao Zedong - Mao Zedong
  27. Mussolini, Benito - Benito Mussolini
  28. Nehru, Jawaharlal - Jawaharlal Nehru
  29. Nkrumah, Kwame - Kwame Nkrumah
  30. Peter I of Russia - Peter Ia a Russi
  31. Qin Shi Huang - Qin Shi Huang
  32. Saladin - Saladin
  33. Stalin, Joseph - Joseph Stalin
  34. Thatcher, Margaret - Margaret Thatcher
  35. Victoria of the United Kingdom - Victoria a Ruwvaneth Unys
  36. Washington, George - George Washington
  37. Lincoln, Abraham - Abraham Lincoln
  38. Napoleon - Napoleon Ia a Bow Frynk
  39. Roosevelt, Franklin D. - Franklin D. Roosevelt
  40. Suleiman the Magnificent - Suleiman Vrasoberys
  41. Sun Yat-Sen - Sun Yat-Sen
  42. Tamerlane - Timur
  43. Umar - Umar

Religious figuresChanjya

  1. Abraham - Abraham
  2. Buddha - Siddhartha Gautama
  3. Jesus - Yesu Krist
  4. Moses - Moyses
  5. Muhammad - Mahomm
  6. Nagarjuna - Nagarjuna
  7. Al Ghazali - Al Ghazali

Revolutionaries and activistsChanjya

  1. Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand - Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
  2. Goldman, Emma - Emma Goldman
  3. Joan of Arc - Jowanet Ark
  4. Keller, Helen - Helen Keller
  5. King, Martin Luther, Jr. - Martin Luther King, Jr.
  6. Mother Teresa - Dama Teresa
  7. Nightingale, Florence - Florence Nightingale
  8. Guevara, Che - Che Guevara
  9. Luxembourg, Rosa - Rosa Luxemburg

HistoryChanjya

This section is for events and periods in human history and prehistory. At least five sentences on:

  1. History - Istori

Prehistory and ancient worldChanjya

  1. Prehistory - Kynsistori
  2. Stone Age - Oos Men
  3. Bronze Age - Oos brons
  4. Iron Age - Oos Horn
  5. Mesopotamia - Mesopotami
  6. Sumer - Sumer
  7. Ancient Egypt - Hen Ejyp
  8. Ancient Greece - Hen Res
  9. Roman Empire - Emperoureth Romanek
  10. Han Dynasty - Ternieth Han
  11. Gupta Empire - Emperourieth Gupta

Middle Ages and Early ModernChanjya

  1. Abbasid Caliphate - Kalifat Abbasid
  2. Age of Enlightenment - Oos an Golowyans
  3. Aztec - Aztekys
  4. Byzantine Empire - Emperoureth Besontin
  5. Crusades - Krowskasow
  6. Holy Roman Empire - Emperoureth Romanek Sans
  7. Inca - Emperoureth Inka
  8. Mali Empire - Emperoureth Mali
  9. Maya - Hwarheans Maya
  10. Hundred Years' War - Bresel Kansvledhen
  11. Middle Ages - Osow Kres
  12. Mongol Empire - Emperoureth Mongol
  13. Ming Dynasty - Ternieth Ming
  14. Ottoman Empire - Emperoureth Ottoman
  15. Protestant Reformation - An Dasfurvyans
  16. Renaissance - Dastinythians
  17. Thirty Years' War - Bresel Deg Bledhen warn Ugens
  18. Vikings - Ankrydoryon Vor

ModernChanjya

  1. Arab-Israeli Conflict - Kas Arab-Israeli
  2. American Civil War - Bresel Vredereth Amerika
  3. Apartheid - Apartheid
  4. British Empire - Emperoureth Breten Veur
  5. Cold War - Bresel Yeyn
  6. Cultural Revolution - Donhwelans Gonisogethel
  7. French Revolution - Domhwelans Frynkek
  8. Great Depression - Iselweyth Meur
  9. The Holocaust - Loskaberth
  10. Industrial Revolution - Hweldro Dhiwysyansek
  11. Korean War - Bresel Korea
  12. Meiji Restoration - Restoryta Meiji
  13. Nazi Germany - Almayn Nazi
  14. Russian Revolution (1917) - Domhwelans Russi
  15. Qing Dynasty - Ternieth Qing
  16. Spanish Civil War - Bresel Vredereth Spayn
  17. Treaty of Versailles - Kevambos Versailles
  18. Vietnam War - Bresel Vietnam
  19. World War I - Kynsa Bresel an Bys
  20. World War II - Nessa Bresel an Bys

GeographyChanjya

This section is for geographical concepts and for specific places.

  1. Geography - Dororieth
  2. City - Cita
  3. Capital - Penncita
  4. Town - Tre
  5. Continent - Brastir
  6. Forest - Koswik
  7. Mountain - Menydh
  8. Desert - Difeyth
  9. North Pole - Pennaghel an North
  10. Ocean - Keynvor
  11. Rainforest - Koswik law
  12. River - Avon
  13. Sea - Mor
  14. South Pole - Pennaghel an Soth

Continents and major regionsChanjya

At least three sentences on each.

  1. Africa - Afrika
  2. Antarctica - Antarktika
  3. Asia - Asi
  4. Europe - Europa
  5. Middle East - Est Kres
  6. North America - Amerika Gledh
  7. Oceania - Oceania
  8. South America - Amerika Dheghow

CountriesChanjya

Eventually, there should be articles on most or all of the 243 countries listed at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries. However, for the smaller Wikipedias, some of the more high-priority countries to have articles on are:

  1. Afghanistan - Afghanistan
  2. Algeria - Aljeri
  3. Argentina - Arghantina
  4. Australia - Ostrali
  5. Austria - Estrych
  6. Bangladesh - Bangladesh
  7. Brazil - Brasil
  8. Canada - Kanada
  9. People's Republic of China - Repoblek Werin China
  10. Democratic Republic of the Congo - Repoblek Werinel Kongo
  11. Cuba - Kuba
  12. Egypt - Ejyp
  13. Ethiopia - Ethiopi
  14. France - Pow Frynk
  15. Germany - Almayn
  16. Greece - Pow Grek
  17. India - Eynda
  18. Indonesia - Indonesi
  19. Iran - Iran
  20. Iraq - Irak
  21. Republic of Ireland - Repoblek Iwerdhon
  22. Israel - Ysrael
  23. Italy - Itali
  24. Japan - Nihon
  25. Mexico - Meksiko
  26. Netherlands - Iseldiryow
  27. Nigeria - Nijeri
  28. New Zealand - Mordir Nowydh
  29. Pakistan - Pakistan
  30. Philippines - Filipinys
  31. Poland - Poloni
  32. Russia - Russi
  33. Portugal - Portyngal
  34. Saudi Arabia - Arabi Saoudek
  35. South Africa - Afrika Dhyhow
  36. South Korea - Korea Dhyhow
  37. Spain - Spayn
  38. Sudan - Soudan
  39. Switzerland - Swistir
  40. Tanzania - Tanzania
  41. Thailand - Pow Tay
  42. Turkey - Turki
  43. Ukraine - Ukrayn
  44. United Arab Emirates - Pennternasedh Unys Arabek
  45. United Kingdom - Ruwvaneth Unys
  46. United States - Statys Unys
  47. Vatican City - Cita an Vatikan
  48. Vietnam - Vietnam
  49. Venezuela - Veneswela

CitiesChanjya

  1. Amsterdam - Amsterdam
  2. Athens - Athína
  3. Baghdad - Baldak
  4. Bangkok - Bangkok
  5. Beijing - Beijing
  6. Berlin - Berlin
  7. Bogotá - Bogotá
  8. Brussels - Brusselas
  9. Buenos Aires - Buenos Aires
  10. Cairo - Cairo
  11. Cape Town - Cape Town
  12. Damascus - Damask
  13. Delhi - Delhi
  14. Dhaka - Dacka
  15. Dubai - Dubai
  16. Hong Kong - Hong Kong
  17. Istanbul - Istanbul
  18. Jakarta - Jakarta
  19. Jerusalem - Jerusalem
  20. Karachi - Karachi
  21. Kinshasa - Kinshasa
  22. Kolkata - Kolkata
  23. Lagos - Lagos
  24. Los Angeles - Los Angeles
  25. London - Loundres
  26. Madrid - Madrid
  27. Mecca - Mekka
  28. Mexico City - Sita Meksiko
  29. Moscow - Moskva
  30. Mumbai - Mumbai
  31. Nairobi - Nairobi
  32. New York City - Evrek Nowydh
  33. Paris - Paris
  34. Rio de Janeiro - Rio de Janeiro
  35. Rome - Rom
  36. Saint Petersburg - Sen Pederburg
  37. São Paulo - São Paulo
  38. Seoul - Seoul
  39. Shanghai - Shanghai
  40. Singapore - Singapour
  41. Sydney - Sydney
  42. Tehran - Tehran
  43. Tokyo - Tokyo
  44. Vienna - Wien
  45. Washington, D.C. - Washington

Bodies of waterChanjya

  1. Amazon River - Avon Amazon
  2. Arctic Ocean - Keynvor Arktek
  3. Atlantic Ocean - Keynvor Iwerydh
  4. Baltic Sea - Mor Baltek
  5. Black Sea - Mor Du
  6. Caribbean Sea - Mor Karib
  7. Caspian Sea - Mor Kaspi
  8. Congo River - Kongo (avon)
  9. Danube - Danaw
  10. Dead Sea - Mor Marow
  11. Ganges - Ganga
  12. Great Barrier Reef - Krib-bar Meur Ostrali
  13. Great Lakes - Lennow Meur Amerika
  14. Indian Ocean - Keynvor Eynda
  15. Indus River - Eyndus
  16. Lake Baikal - Lydn Baikal
  17. Lake Tanganyika - Lynn Tanganyika
  18. Lake Victoria - Lynn Victoria
  19. Mediterranean Sea - Mor Kres
  20. Mississippi River - Mississippi (avon)
  21. Niger River - Niger (avon)
  22. Nile - Nil
  23. North Sea - Mor Kledh
  24. Pacific Ocean - Keynvor Hebask
  25. Panama Canal - Goeth Panama
  26. Rhine - Dowr Ryn
  27. Suez Canal - Dowrgleudh Suez
  28. Southern Ocean - Keynvor Dyghow
  29. Volga River - Dowr Volga
  30. Yangtze River - Dowr Yangtze
  31. Yellow River - Dowr Melyn

Mountains, valleys and desertsChanjya

  1. Alps - Alpow
  2. Andes - Andes
  3. Himalayas - Himalayas
  4. Mount Kilimanjaro - Kilimanjaro
  5. Mount Everest - Menydh Everest
  6. Rocky Mountains - Menydhyow Karnek
  7. Sahara - Sahara

SocietyChanjya

  1. Society - Kowethas
  2. Civilization - Hwarheans
  3. Education - Adhyskans

Family and relationshipsChanjya

  1. Family - Teylu
  2. Child - Flogh
  3. Man - Gour
  4. Marriage - Demedhyans
  5. Woman - Benyn

Thought, behavior and emotionChanjya

  1. Behavior - Omdhoon
  2. Emotion - Amovyans
  3. Love - Kerensa
  4. Psychology - Brysonieth
  5. Thought - Preder

PoliticsChanjya

  1. Politics - Politegieth
  2. Anarchism - Direwlieth
  3. Colonialism - Trevesigoleth
  4. Communism - Kemynegoreth
  5. Conservatism - Gwithyaseth
  6. Democracy - Gwerinieth
  7. Dictatorship - Turantieth
  8. Diplomacy - Lyskanasedh
  9. Fascism - Faskorieth
  10. Globalization - Ollvyselheans
  11. Government - Governans
  12. Ideology - Tybonieth
  13. Imperialism - Emperouregieth
  14. Liberalism - Livrelieth
  15. Marxism - Marksydhieth
  16. Monarchy - Myghternses
  17. Nationalism - Kenedlegieth
  18. Nazism - Nazieth
  19. Republic - Repoblek
  20. Socialism - Socyalieth
  21. State - Stat
  22. Political party - Parti
  23. Propaganda - Plontyans
  24. Terrorism - Broweghereth

Business and economicsChanjya

  1. Economics - Erbysieth
  2. Capital - Chatel
  3. Capitalism - Chatelydhieth
  4. Currency - Mona Kemmyn
    1. Euro - Euro
    2. Japanese yen - Yen
    3. United States dollar - Dollar Statys Unys
  5. Industry - Diwysyans
  6. Money - Mona
  7. Tax - Toll
  8. Manufacturing - Gweyth askor
  9. Trade - Kenwerth

LawChanjya

  1. Law - Lagha
  2. Constitution - Korf lagha

International organizationsChanjya

  1. African Union - Unyans Afrika
  2. Arab League - Kesunyans Arab
  3. Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Kowethas Kenedhlow Asi Soth-Est
  4. Commonwealth of Independent States - Kemmynwlas a Statys Anserhek
  5. Commonwealth of Nations - Kemmynwlas a Genedhlow
  6. European Union - Unyans Europek
  7. International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement - Movyans Krows Rudh ha Krommen Rudh Keswlasek
  8. NATO - NATO
  9. Nobel Prize - Pewas Nobel
  10. OPEC - OPEC
  11. United Nations - Kenedhlow Unys
    1. International Court of Justice - Lys Ewnder Keswlasek
    2. International Monetary Fund - Arhas Monesek Keswlasek
    3. UNESCO - UNESCO
    4. Universal Declaration of Human Rights - Diskleryans Ollvysel an Gwiryow Mab-den
    5. World Health Organization - Kowethyans Yeghes an Bys
  12. World Bank Group - Bagas Arhantti an Bys
  13. World Trade Organization - Kowethyans Kenwerth an Bys

War and militaryChanjya

  1. Civil war - Bresel bredereth
  2. Military - Lu
  3. Peace - Kres
  4. War - Bresel

Social issuesChanjya

  1. Abortion - Erthylyans
  2. Capital punishment - Payn-merwel
  3. Human rights - Gwiryow Mab-den
  4. Racism - Hilgasieth
  5. Slavery - Kethneth
  6. Poverty - Boghosogneth

CultureChanjya

At least three sentences on:

  1. Culture - Gonisogeth
  2. Art - Art
    1. Comics - Bondys Delinys
    2. Painting - Liwans
    3. Photography - Skeusenieth
    4. Sculpture - Gravyans
      1. Pottery - Priweyth
  3. Dance - Dons
  4. Fashion - Gis
  5. Theatre - Gwariva
  6. Festival de Cannes - Gool Fylm Cannes
  7. Calligraphy - Kalligrafieth

Language and literatureChanjya

  1. Language - Yeth
  2. Specific languages
    1. Arabic - Arabek
    2. Bengali - Bengalek
    3. Chinese - Chinek
    4. English - Sowsnek
    5. Esperanto - Esperantek
    6. French - Frenkek
    7. German - Almaynek
    8. Greek - Grew
    9. Hebrew - Ebrow
    10. Hindi - Hindoustanek
    11. Japanese - Nihonek
    12. Korean - Koreek
    13. Latin - Latin
    14. Persian - Persek
    15. Russian - Russek
    16. Sanskrit - Sanskrytek
    17. Spanish - Spaynek
    18. Swahili - Swahili
    19. Tamil - Tamilek
    20. Turkish - Turkek
  3. Linguistics - Sciens yeth
  4. Grammar - Yethador
  5. Word - Ger
    1. Phoneme - Fonem
    2. Syllable - Syllaben
    3. Noun - Hanow (gramasek)
    4. Verb - Verb
  6. Alphabet - Lytherennek
    1. Arabic alphabet - Lytherennek arabek
    2. Chinese character - Lytherennow chinek
    3. Cyrillic alphabet - Lytherennow kyrillek
    4. Greek alphabet - Lytherennek grek
    5. Latin alphabet - Lytherennek latin
    6. Letter - Lytheren
  7. Literacy - Lettryseth
  8. Writing - Skrifa
  9. Literature - Lien
    1. Prose - Yeth Plen
      1. The Art of War - An Art a Vresel
    2. Fiction - Fugieth
    3. Novel - Romans
      1. One Thousand and One Nights - Mil Nos hag Onan
      2. The Dream of the Red Chamber - Hunros an Stevel Rudh
      3. The Tale of Genji - Drolla Genji
    4. Poetry - Bardhonieth
      1. Epic of Gilgamesh - Bewnans Gilgamesh
      2. Iliad - Iliad
      3. Mahābhārata - Mahābhārata
      4. Ramayana - Ramayana
      5. Shahnameh - Shahnameh

Architecture and civil engineeringChanjya

  1. Architecture - Pennserneth
  2. Arch - Gwarek
  3. Bridge - Pons
  4. Canal - Dowrgleudh
  5. Dam - Arge
  6. Dome - To kromm
  7. House - Chy
  8. Specific structures
    1. Angkor Wat - Angkor Wat
    2. Aswan Dam - Arge Aswan
    3. Burj Khalifa - Burj Khalifa
    4. Colosseum - Amfiwariva Flavius
    5. Great Wall of China - Fos Veur China
    6. Eiffel Tower - Tour Eiffel
    7. Empire State Building - Empire State Building
    8. Hagia Sophia - Hagia Sophia
    9. Parthenon - Parthenon
    10. Giza pyramid complex - Ynkleudhva Giza
    11. St. Peter's Basilica - Penneglos Sen Peder
    12. Statue of Liberty - Delow an Frankedh
    13. Taj Mahal - Taj Mahal
    14. Three Gorges Dam - Arge an Tri Hownans
  9. Pyramid - Pyramid
  10. Tower - Tour

Film, radio and televisionChanjya

  1. Film - Fylm
    1. Animation - Bewheans
  2. Radio - Radyo
  3. Television - Pellwolok

MusicChanjya

  1. Music - Ilow
  2. Song - Kan
  3. Specific music genres
    1. Blues - Blous
    2. Classical music - Ilow glassek
      1. Opera - Gwari kan
      2. Symphony - Symfoni
    3. Electronic music - Ilow elektronek
    4. Flamenco - Flamenco
    5. Hip hop - Hip hop
    6. Jazz - Jazz
    7. Reggae - Reggae
    8. Rhythm and blues - Rhythm ha blous
    9. Rock music - Rock
    10. Samba - Samba
  4. Specific musical instruments
    1. Drum - Tabour
    2. Flute - Tollgorn
    3. Guitar - Gitar
    4. Piano - Piano
    5. Trumpet - Hirgorn
    6. Violin - Krowd

RecreationChanjya

  1. Game - Gwari
    1. Backgammon - Tables
    2. Chess - Goedhboell
    3. Go (board game) - Go (gwari bordh)
    4. Video game - Gwari gwydhyow
  2. Gambling - Hapwari
  3. Martial arts - Artow omladh
    1. Karate - Karate
  4. Olympic Games - Gwariow Olympek
  5. Sport - Sport
    1. Track and field athletics - Athletek lergh ha mes
    2. Auto racing - Resek kerri
    3. Baseball - Pel vas
    4. Basketball - Pel ganstell
    5. Cricket - Krycket
    6. Football (soccer) - Peldroos
    7. Golf - Golf
    8. Ice hockey - Hocki rew
    9. Judo - Judo
    10. Rugby - Rugby
    11. Tennis - Tennis
  6. Toy - Gwariell

World view and religionChanjya

  1. God - Duw
  2. Mythology - Mythologieth
  3. Worldview philosophies
    1. Atheism - Didhuwieth
    2. Fundamentalism - Fundamentoleth
    3. Materialism - Materyoleth
    4. Monotheism - Undhuwieth
    5. Polytheism - Liesdhuwieth
  4. Soul - Enev
  5. Religion - Kryjyans
  6. Specific religions
    1. Buddhism - Bouddhisteth
    2. Christianity - Kristoneth
      1. Catholicism - Eglos Katholik Romanek
    3. Confucianism
    4. Hinduism - Hindoueth
      1. Trimurti - Trimurti
    5. Islam - Islam
      1. Shia Islam - Islam Shia
      2. Sunni Islam - Islam Sunni
    6. Jainism - Jayneth
    7. Judaism - Yedhoweth
    8. Sikhism - Sikheth
    9. Taoism - Taoeth
    10. Zoroastrianism - Zoroastregeth
  7. Spirituality - Spyrysoleth
  8. Yoga - Yoga
  9. Zen - Zen

PhilosophyChanjya

  1. Philosophy - Filosofieth
  2. Beauty - Tekter
  3. Dialectic - Daylekteth
  4. Ethics - Ewnhynsegieth
  5. Epistemology - Epystemologieth
  6. Feminism - Benynieth
  7. Free will - Bodh rydh
  8. Knowledge - Godhvos
  9. Logic - Logieth
  10. Mind - Brys
  11. Morality - Maseth
  12. Reality - Gwirvos
  13. Truth - Gwiryonedh

ScienceChanjya

At least a five-sentence introduction to the major fields.

  1. Science - Godhonieth
  2. Nature - Natur

AstronomyChanjya

  1. Astronomy - Astronymyl
  2. Asteroid - Planetik
  3. Big Bang - Bom Bras
  4. Black hole - Toll du
  5. Comet - Steren lostek
  6. Galaxy - Galaksi
    1. Milky Way - Hyns Sen Jamys
  7. Light year - Bledhen wolow
  8. Moon - Loor
  9. Planet - Planet
    1. Earth - Dor
    2. Jupiter - Yow (planet)
    3. Mars - Meurth (planet)
    4. Mercury - Mergher (planet)
    5. Neptune - Nevyon (planet)
    6. Saturn - Sadorn (planet)
    7. Uranus - Ouran (planet)
    8. Venus - Gwener (planet)
  10. Solar system - System howlek
  11. Star - Steren
    1. Sun - Howl
  12. Universe - Ollvys
  13. Spaceflight - Neyj efanvos

BiologyChanjya

  1. Biology - Bywonieth
  2. Biological materials
    1. DNA - TDN
    2. Enzyme - Ensaym
    3. Protein - Protin
  3. Botany - Losonieth
  4. Death - Mernans
    1. Suicide - Omladhans
  5. Ecology - Ekologieth
    1. Endangered species - Eghen beryllys
  6. Domestication - Hwarheans
  7. Life - Bewnans
  8. Biological classification - Taksonomieth
    1. Species - Eghen

Biological processesChanjya

  1. Metabolism - Metaboledh
    1. Digestion - Trethans
    2. Photosynthesis - Lughwrians
    3. Respiration (physiology) - Anellans
  2. Evolution - Esplegyans
  3. Reproduction - Dinythians
    1. Pregnancy - Torrasneth
    2. Sex - Reydh

AnatomyChanjya

  1. Anatomy - Korfonieth
  2. Cell - Kell
  3. Circulatory system - System kylghresyas
    1. Blood - Goos
    2. Heart - Kolon
  4. Endocrine system - Kevreyth endokrin
  5. Gastrointestinal tract - Kanel dretha
    1. Large intestine - Kolodhyonen veur
    2. Small intestine - Kolodhyonen vyghan
    3. Liver - Avi
  6. Integumentary system
    1. Breast - Bronn
    2. Skin - Kneus
  7. Muscle - Keheren
  8. Nervous system - Kevreyth nervus
    1. Brain - Ympynnyon
    2. Nerve - Nerven
    3. Sensory system - Kevreyth an sensys
      1. Ear - Skovarn
      2. Nose - Tron
      3. Eye - Lagas
      4. Taste - Blasa
  9. Reproductive system - Kevreyth dinythyans
  10. Respiratory system - Kevreyth anella
    1. Lung - Skevens
  11. Skeleton - Korf eskern
  12. Skin - Kroghen

Health and medicineChanjya

  1. Medicine - Medhegieth
  2. Addiction - Omgethneth
  3. Alzheimer's disease - Kleves Alzheimer
  4. Cancer - Kanker
  5. Cholera - Kolera
  6. Common cold - Anwos
  7. Dentistry - Medhegieth dens
  8. Disability - Evredhder
    1. Blindness - Dellni
    2. Hearing impairment - Bodharsys
    3. Mental illness - Yeghes brysel
  9. Disease - Kleves
  10. Medication - Medhegneth
  11. Ethanol - Ethanol
  12. Nicotine - Nikotin
    1. Tobacco - Tobacko
  13. Health - Yeghes
  14. Headache - Drog penn
  15. Heart attack - Shora kolon
  16. Malaria - Malaria
  17. Malnutrition - Kammvethyans
  18. Obesity - Berri
  19. Pandemic - Pandemek
  20. Penicillin - Penicillin
  21. Pneumonia - Fagel skevens
  22. Poliomyelitis - Poliomyelitis
  23. Sexually transmitted disease - Kleves treuskorrys yn reydhel
    1. AIDS - Syndrom an Imundhifyk Akwirys
  24. Stroke - Strokas
  25. Tuberculosis - Pla gwynn
  26. Diabetes - Kleves melys
  27. Virus - Virus
    1. Influenza - Flou
    2. Smallpox - Brygh
  28. Pharmaceutical drug - Drogg ferylydhel
    1. Antibiotic - Gorthviotek
  29. Immune system - Kevreyth immun
  30. Menstruation - Amseryow
  31. Vaccine - Bryghlin
  32. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - Kleves lestus anhedhek a'n sklevens
  33. Epilepsy - Epilepsi
  34. Gastroenteritis - Fagel kolodhyonen

OrganismsChanjya

  1. Organism - Organedh
  2. Animal - Enyval
    1. Mollusc - Kregynnek
    2. Nemotode - Nemotod
    3. Arthropod - Melldrosek
      1. Insect - Hwesker
        1. Ant - Moryon
        2. Bee - Gwenen
        3. Mosquito - Moskito
      2. Arachnid - Kevnisen
    4. Chordate - Chordata
      1. Amphibian - Diwelvennek
        1. Frog - Kwilkyn
      2. Bird - Edhen
        1. Chicken - Yar
        2. Dove - Kolom
      3. Fish - Pysk
        1. Shark - Morvleydh
      4. Mammal - Bronnvil
        1. Primate - Prymat
          1. Ape - Apa
          2. Human - Den
        2. Camel - Kowrvargh
        3. Cat - Kath
        4. Cattle - Bugh
        5. Dog - Ki
        6. Elephant - Olifans
        7. Horse - Margh
        8. Human - Tus
        9. Sheep - Davas
        10. Lion - Lew
        11. Pig - Hogh
        12. Rodent - Knivil
        13. Whales, dolphins and porpoises - Morviles, pyffers ha morhoghes
      5. Reptile - Kramvil
        1. Dinosaur - Arghpedrevan
        2. Snake - Sarf
  3. Archaea - Archaea
  4. Bacteria - Bakteria
  5. Fungus - Fong
  6. Plant - Plans
    1. Flower - Bleujen
    2. Tree - Gwedhen
  7. Protist - Protist

ChemistryChanjya

  1. Chemistry - Kymystry
  2. Biochemistry - Bewgymygieth
  3. Inorganic chemistry] - Kymygieth anorganek
  4. Chemical compound - Kesstoff kymyk
    1. Acid - Trenken
    2. Base (chemistry) - Bas (kymygieth)
    3. Salt - Holan
  5. Chemical element - Elven gymyk
    1. Periodic table - An Vosen Beriodek
    2. Aluminium - Aluminiom
    3. Carbon - Karbon
    4. Copper - Kober
    5. Gold - Owr
    6. Helium - Heliom
    7. Hydrogen - Hidrojen
    8. Iron - Horn
    9. Neon - Neon
    10. Nitrogen - Nitrojen
    11. Oxygen - Oksyjen
    12. Silver - Arghans
    13. Tin - Sten
    14. Zinc - Zynk
  6. Organic chemistry - Kymygieth organek
    1. Alcohol - Las
    2. Carbohydrate - Karbohydrat
    3. Hormone - Hormon
    4. Lipid - Lipid
  7. Molecule - Molekulen
  8. Analytical chemistry - Kymygieth dhielvennek
  9. Physical chemistry - Kymygieth fisegel

Weather, climate and geologyChanjya

  1. Earth water cycle - Troweyth Dhowr an Norvys
  2. Avalanche - Erghslynk
  3. Climate - Hin
    1. El Niño-Southern Oscillation
    2. Global warming - Tommheans ollvysel
  4. Earthquake - Dorgrys
  5. Geology - Dororieth
    1. Mineral - Moon
      1. Diamond - Adamant
    2. Plate tectonics - Tektonieth plattys
    3. Rock - Karrek
  6. Natural disaster - Terosa gnasek
  7. Volcano - Loskvenydh
  8. Weather - Kewer
    1. Cloud - Komolen
    2. Flood - Liv
      1. Tsunami - Tsunami
    3. Rain - Glaw
      1. Acid rain - Glaw trenk
      2. Snow - Ergh
    4. Tornado - Gwyns a-dro
    5. Tropical cyclone - Trowyns trovannel
    6. Wind - Gwyns

PhysicsChanjya

  1. Physics - Fysegieth
  2. Acceleration - Uskisheans
  3. Atom - Atom
  4. Energy - Nerth
    1. Conservation of energy - Gwithans nerth
    2. Electromagnetic radiation - An Spektrum Elektrotennvenek
      1. Gamma ray - Dewynnans gamma
      2. Infrared - Isrudh
      3. Ultraviolet - Ughviolet
      4. Visible spectrum - Golow
        1. Color - Liw
  5. Classical mechanics - Mekanek klassek
  6. Force - Forsedh
    1. Electromagnetism - Elektrodennvenieth
    2. Gravitation - Gravedh
    3. Strong interaction - Ynterweythresans krev
    4. Weak interaction - Ynterweythresans gwann
  7. Light - Golow
  8. Magnet - Tennven
    1. Magnetic field - Gwel tennvenek
  9. Mass - Gronnedh
  10. Quantum mechanics - Mekanek kwantum
  11. Radioactivity - Radyoweythres
    1. Radioactive decay - Breynans radyoweythresek
  12. Sound - Son
  13. Speed - Tooth
    1. Speed of light - Tooth golow
  14. General relativity - Perthynekter Ollgemmyn
  15. Special relativity - Perthynekter arbennik
  16. Time - Termyn
  17. Length - Hirder
  18. Phase (matter) - Agwedh (mater)
    1. Gas - Gas
    2. Liquid - Lin
    3. Plasma - Plasma
    4. Solid - Soled
  19. Metal - Alkan
    1. Alloy - Kesalkan
      1. Steel - Dur
  20. Nuclear fission - Folsans nuklerek
  21. Semiconductor - Hanterkendeger
  22. Temperature - Tempredh
  23. Thermodynamics - Thermodynamek
  24. Vacuum - Gwakter

Measurement and unitsChanjya

  1. Measurement - Musurans
  2. Joule - Joule
  3. Kilogram - Kilogram
  4. Litre - Liter
  5. Metre - Meter
  6. Newton - Newton
  7. International System of Units - Kevreyth Keswlasek Unesow
  8. Volt - Volt
  9. Watt - Watt
  10. Second - Eylen
  11. Kelvin - Kelvin

TimekeepingChanjya

  1. Calendar - Kalender
    1. Gregorian calendar - Calans gregorek
  2. Century - Kansvledhen
  3. Day - Dydh
  4. Month - Mis
  5. Time zone - Parth dermyn
  6. Week - Seythen
  7. Year - Bledhen
  8. Clock - Klock
  9. Second - Eylen

TechnologyChanjya

  1. Technology - Teknegieth
  2. Biotechnology - Bewdeknegieth
  3. Clothing - Dillas
    1. Cotton - Koton
  4. Engineering - Ynjynorieth
    1. Machine - Jynn
    2. Robot - Robot
    3. Lever - Kolpes
    4. Pulley - Tennros
    5. Screw - Trogenter
    6. Wheel - Ros
  5. Agriculture - Ammeth
    1. Irrigation - Dowrheans
    2. Plough - Arader
    3. Domestication - Dovheans
  6. Metallurgy
  7. Nanotechnology

CommunicationChanjya

  1. Communication - Keskomunyans
  2. Book - Lyver
  3. Information - Kedhlow
    1. Encyclopedia - Godhoniador
  4. Journalism - Jornalieth
    1. Newspaper - Paper nowodhow
    2. Mass media - Routh-vedia
  5. Printing - Pryntya
  6. Telephone - Pellgowser

ElectronicsChanjya

  1. Electronics - Elektronegas
    1. Electric current - Frosedh tredanek
    2. Frequency - Menowghedh
  2. Components
    1. Capacitor
    2. Inductor
    3. Transistor - Transistor
    4. Diode - Diod
    5. Resistor
    6. Transformer

Computers and InternetChanjya

  1. Computer - Jynn amontya
    1. Hard disk - Plasen gales
    2. Central processing unit
    3. Random access memory
  2. Artificial Intelligence - Skians kreftus
  3. Information technology
    1. Algorithm
  4. Internet - Kesrosweyth
    1. E-mail - Ebost
    2. World Wide Web - Gwi bysefan
  5. Operating system - System Oberyans
  6. Programming language - Yeth towlenna
  7. Computer software - Medhelweyth

Energy and fuelsChanjya

  1. Energy (society) - Nerth
    1. Renewable energy
  2. Electricity - Tredan
    1. Nuclear power - Tredan nuklerek
  3. Fossil fuel - Keunysen menhesen
  4. Engine - Jynn
  5. Internal combustion engine - Jynn loskvan a-bervedh
  6. Steam engine - Jynn ethen
  7. Fire - Tan

Raw materialsChanjya

  1. Glass - Gweder
  2. Paper - Paper
  3. Plastic - Plastek
  4. Wood - Prenn

TransportationChanjya

  1. Transport - Treusporth
  2. Aircraft - Jynn-ebronn
  3. Automobile - Karr-tan
  4. Bicycle - Diwros
  5. Submarine - Lester-sedhi
  6. Boat - Skath
  7. Ship - Gorhel
  8. Train - Tren

WeaponsChanjya

  1. Weapon - Arv
  2. Explosive material - Devnydh tardha
    1. Gunpowder - Polter-gonn
  3. Firearm
    1. Machine gun
  4. Nuclear weapon - Arv nuklerek
  5. Sword - Kledha
  6. Tank - Tank

FoodstuffsChanjya

  1. Food - Boos
  2. Bread - Bara
  3. Cereal - Greunvos
    1. Barley - Barlys
    2. Maize - Hwegys
    3. Oat - Kergh
    4. Rice - Ris
    5. Rye - Sugal
    6. Sorghum
    7. Wheat - Gwaneth
  4. Cheese - Keus
  5. Chocolate - Choklet
  6. Honey - Mel
  7. Fruit - Frothen
    1. Apple - Aval
    2. Banana - Banana
    3. Grape - Grappa
    4. Soybean - Faven soya
    5. Lemon - Lymmaval
    6. Citrus - Cytrus
    7. Nut (fruit) - Know
  8. Meat - Kig
  9. Sugar - Sugra
  10. Table salt - Holan mos
  11. Vegetable - Losowen-gegin
    1. Potato - Patatys

BeveragesChanjya

  1. Beer - Korev
  2. Wine - Gwin
  3. Coffee - Koffi
  4. Milk - Leth
  5. Tea - Te
  6. Water - Dowr
  7. Juice - Sugen

MathematicsChanjya

  1. Mathematics - Awgrym
  2. Algebra - Aljebra
    1. Equation - Kehavalen
      1. Differential equation - Kehavalen dhyffransek
    2. Linear algebra - Aljebra linyek
  3. Arithmetic - Niveronieth
    1. Logarithm - Logrym
  4. Axiom - Ragtybyans
  5. Calculus - Kalkulus
  6. Geometry - Mynsonieth
    1. Angle - Elin
    2. Area - Arenebedh
    3. Coordinate system - Kevreyth kesordenek
    4. Pythagorean theorem - Tybieth Pythagorean
    5. Symmetry - Kemusur
    6. Circle - Kylgh
      1. Pi - Pi
    7. Square - Pedrek
    8. Triangle - Trihorn
  7. Group theory - Tybieth bagas
  8. Mathematical proof - Prov awgrymek
  9. Number - Niver
    1. Number theory - Tybieth niverow
    2. Complex number - Niver kompleth
    3. Integer - Kowlniver
    4. Natural number - Niver naturel
    5. Prime number - Pennriv
    6. Rational number - Niver resnel
      1. Numerical analysis - Dielvennans niverek
  10. Infinity - Didhiwedhter
  11. Set theory - Tybieth sett
  12. Statistics - Statystek
  13. Trigonometry - Trygonometry
  14. Probability - Gwirhevelepter
  15. Function (mathematics) - Gweythres (awgrym)

Gwelewgh keffrysChanjya